PICTORIAL TEXTILES OF ANNI ALBERS
For: Julia Sáez-Angulo
Fleeing of the pursuit Nazi, the marriage Anni and Robert Albers fled to the United States and from there they traveled to Spanish America, where they studied and re-prepared his plastic creations.
The drawings and paintings that they carried out in his trips for the peoples and Latin-American mountain ranges, taken of the natives or inspired by them, constitute the topic of the exhibition in the National museum Center of Art Queen Sophia. The sample, it has been carried out in collaboration with Josef and Anni Albers Foundation.
Anni and Josef Albers were members of the famous German Bauhaus, which was thinking about how to take the art to the everyday life; after Nazi closed the school for pressure they found work in Black Mauntain College of North Carolina like teachers, where from they gave the ideas of the Bauhaus.
In his trips for Latin America, the marriage Albers met the rigor and the elegance of geometric designs of the pre-Columbian cultures, fundamentally in his textiles. They remained fascinated by the chromatic organization and the spatial arrangement of his architecture. Hence it started a shrewd investigation on the Latin American art that in turn nourished and enriched the avant-garde art of the Albers. It was a deep and intense dialogue that has remained captured of multitude of drawings and paintings.
The Albers visited Peru in 1953 and knew the collections of the Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology of Lima. There Anni met the best collection of ancient Andean textiles, a subtle coloring and a few characteristic geometric drawings, which would open to him a world of study and reflection.
Colors of Mexico
The trips of the couple to Latin America concentrated on a pair of decades, between 1934 and 1956. “Given his proximity to the United States, it is not surprising that Mexico was his most repeated destination”, tells the historian Brenda Danilowitz. “But his first entry in the region took place in Cuba in the winter 1934, and, when in 1953, a teaching invitation for Josef offered to them the opportunity to know Chile and Peru, they accepted enthusiastically.
While Josef Albers was exploring aspects of the black and white line, the colors of Mexico began invading his painting: red intense, yellow gilded, vibrant and orange roses warm were pairing with the green and the browns of the ground and the perpetual saturated blue ones of the sky. As the colors were receiving importance, the structures to support them were changing.
Josef Albers has been the big theoretical one on the interaction of the colors and, certainly, in Latin America it had a big observation field. Mexico and Peru marked him significantly. For his part, Anni Albers did his first work of small scale in his well-known “pictorial textiles”, free of utilitarian considerations.
In September, 1950 the Albers moved to Conneticut, due to the offer that Josef had received to preside at the department of Design of the University of yale. Anni continued, two years later the course of pre-Columbian art that Georges Kubler gave. Years later she would write his essay structural Process in the textile, which would join the first one On the design (1959).